Jongen, Joseph (1873-1953), Belgian composer and organist, entered the Liege Conservatory at the age of seven. He showed an outstanding gift for organ improvisation, and began to compose at the age of 13. Jongen saw himself as an independent composer, though many important influences varied throughout his life. Up to Op. 30 (1906-07) Jongen's music recalls Franck, leaning towards a harmonic, rather than a contrapuntal basis. In about 1921, the influence of Debussy and Ravel become apparent.