Program Book 2001-2002 page 08
A Pan Am Celebration Program Notes, cont.

his own way and created his own group. He introduced counterpoints, fugues and new harmonies into tango music, but it was not until the 1980s that Piazzolla became recognized in his homeland of Argentina.

Long known as the dean of African American composers, WILLIAM GRANT STILL was born May 11, 1895 in Woodville, Mississippi to musician parents of African-American, Native American, Spanish, Irish and Scotch heritage. Still received a B.s. degree from Wilberforce University, and then studied at Oberlin Conservatory of Music. Some of the legends he worked with include Paul Whiteman, Artie Shaw, W.e. Handy, Eubie Blake and Sophie Tucker. Later study included a period at the New England Conservatory of Music and an individual scholarship with the ultra-modern composer Edgard Varese.

The score for Danzas de Panama contains a forward, excerpted here: "There is a distinct unity and a touch of Caribbean color in the four dances. The first and last are Negro in origin, probably brought by the first slaves imported into Panama, while the second and third are of Spanish-Indian derivation."

The tango was born by the end of the nineteenth century in both coasts of the Rio de la Plata, shared by Argentina and Uruguay. It developed as a popular social dance and as a rich and flexible style of urban song.

Nostalgias (1936) is a refined example of the lyrical romantic tango-song style from the mid-1930s. COBIAN was one of the most prolific Argentine tango composers of those years.

Carufa (1928) is typical of the comic-satiric tango style from the late 1920s. Fonatina, Solifio and Collazo were part of the group of bohemian Uruguayan composers and poets known as the "Athenians."

LORENA GUILLEN, soprano, was born in Buenos Aires. Winner of the first prize in the New Mexico National Association of Teachers Competition, she is an active performer of contemporary repertoire. Ms. Guillen worked with Karlheinz Stockhausen in the Stockhausen Curses 2000. She is also a unique performer of authentic Argentine Tango music. She has performed on several occasions accompanied by two of the most important Argentine tango musicians living in US, Pablo Aslan and Tito Castro. She holds a MM Vocal Performance at SUNY at Buffalo, with a Ph.D. in Musicology in progress.

Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, ALEJANDRO RUTTY has studied orchestral conducting, choral conducting and composition at Universidad Catolica Argentina, University of New Mexico, and State University of New York at Buffalo. He's currently serving on the Faculty of Hartwick College in Oneonta, NY. Recipient of numerous fellowships, his compositions have been played by the Cassatt String Quartet, New York New Music Ensemble, National Symphony Orchestra (Argentina), and the Amherst Saxophone Quartet.

Grammy Award winner PAQUITO D'RIVERA was born in Havana Cuba. By 1988, Mr. D'Rivera had become a founding member of and soloist with Dizzy Gillespie's United Nations Orchestra, a IS-piece ensemble organized to

(continued on page 10)

Amherst Saxophone Quartet Program Book: A Pan Am Celebration Program Notes, cont