Program Book 1999-2000 page 08
Concert I: American Variations Program Notes, continued

Steve Reich was born in New York City in 1936. He received a B.A. in Philosophy with honors from Cornell in 1957. Reich studied composition with William Bergsma and Vincent Persichetti at the Juilliard School of Music, and then with Luciano Berio and Darius Milhaud at Mills College. He worked at the San Francisco Tape Music Center, studied African drumming techniques in Ghana, and founded his own ensemble in 1971. Along with Terry Riley, Philip Glass and La Monte Young, he is considered one of the founders of Minimal Music. In 1964, Reich helped organize the premiere of In C by Terry Riley, and began to find his own voice as a composer with the tape-phasing experiments that led to It's Gonna Rain (1965) and Come Out (1966). He adapted phasing to instruments in such works as Piano Phase, Violin Phase, and Clapping Music.

Charles Griffin was born in New York in 1968. He earned a B.A. in voice and composition and an M.A. in composition from Queens College, City University of New York, and a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota. He has studied composition with Bruce Saylor, Judith Lang-Zaimont, Dominick Argento and Stephen Paulus. A composer of chamber, orchestral. vocal and choral music, his works have been performed throughout the U.S. and in Europe by such ensembles as the Meridian String Quartet, The Mariah Wind Trio, and The Quintet of the Americas.

Panta Rei is a Greek expression attributed to Heraclitus (536-470 BC). The expression is meant to capture the experience of the flow of time. He argued that "One cannot step into the same stream twice, for other waters and yet others go ever flowing on" — that everything is constantly changing, from the smallest grain of sand to the stars in the sky. This description is also appropriate for a great deal of music, the art form most dependent on the flow of time and our experience of that flow.

Jerome Moross was born in Brooklyn in 1913. He graduated from New York University in 1932 and received much moral and practical encouragement from Charles Ives, then dismissed by all but a few as a somewhat eccentric amateur. Moross' First Symphony was premiered by Sir Thomas Beecham in 1943. He later spent several years in Hollywood as both an orchestrator and composer of film music, including the score to The Big Country. Moross had the happy knack of writing music that has both instant popular appeal and strength of musical purpose.

While working on his opera Sorry, Wrong Number, Moross became haunted by a little phrase. He began to play with it and a slow movement of something gradually evolved. Ideas for companion movements soon came his way and in a comparatively short time the Sonata for Piano Duet and (String) Quartet had been written (Moross had

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Amherst Saxophone Quartet Program Book Program Notes